To help prevent an asthma attack, learn to identify your triggers and how you can avoid them.
- Only with good control of your asthma will you be able to play or exercise as much as you want.
- Use albuterol within 30 minutes of exercise.
- Colds, Flu, Cold Air or Change in weather
- Wash your hands often
- Get a flu shot every fall
- Mice and rats, Roaches or Water bugs
- Keep food in airtight containers
- Notify landlord or call an exterminator if you have rodents
- Use traps
- Furry and feathered Pets
- Keep pets out of the bedroom
- Weeds, Grasses, Trees, Pollen or Mold
- During pollen season, keep the windows closed and use air conditioners
- Shower before bed if you have been outdoors
- Repair water damaged areas in your home
- Smoke, Air pollution, Dust and dust mites, Strong smells, Perfumes and body sprays or Cleaning products
- DON'T SMOKE
- Stay away from all kinds of smoke, including second-hand smoke
- Cover pillows and mattresses with allergy covers
- Wash linens in hot water
- Keep stuffed animals off the bed
- Stay away from strong smells
- Avoid exposure to cleaning fumes, perfumes and hairspray
There are two kinds of asthma medications: controller medicines and quick-relief medicines.
Controller (everyday) medications
- These work slowly.
- They prevent asthma symptoms.
- You may not feel it working.
- These medicines work best if taken every day.
Examples of controller medications include:
- Asmanex ®
- Azmacort ®
- Flovent ®
- Pulmicort ®
- QVar ®
- Singulair ®
Quick-relief (as-needed) medications
- These work fast.
- They relax breathing tubes and make it easier to breathe.
- You should use them as needed when you have cough, wheeze, or difficulty breathing
- They are only a "quick fix" for asthma
- You should not need them every day
Call your primary care doctor if you need your quick-relief medications more than twice in a week or if you need to use it more than twice in one hour.
You should see your primary care provider at least every three months.
Examples of Quick-Relief medicines include:
- Albuterol ®
- Proair ®
- MaxAir ®
- Proventil ®
- Ventolin ®
- Xopenex ®
How to use an Inhaler and aero chamber
To use the MDI and Aero chamber (with or without a mask):
- Remove the caps from the MDI and Aero chamber.
- Shake the canister well.
- Insert the MDI into the back end of the Aero chamber.
- If there is a mask, place it over your child's nose and mouth, making sure there is a good seal. If there is just a mouthpiece, the tip should go between the teeth and lips wrapped tightly around to make a good seal.
- Press down firmly on the canister to release one puff of the medication into the Aero chamber.
- Hold the mask firmly in place while your child takes at least 5-6 breaths. If your child is using an Aero chamber with mouthpiece, after inhaling the medication, he should hold his breath for 5-10 seconds then breathe out slowly.
- Wait one minute.
- Repeat steps two through seven for each puff of medication ordered.
- When treatment is complete, remove the MDI from the Aero chamber.
If using this device with an MDI that contains a steroid rinse your child's mouth with water.If you are unable to hold your breath, use a mask with spacer and take six breaths (in and out) through mouth for each puff.